Cash Flow Planning When You’re Thinking About Retirement

Pre-retirement planning is one of the most challenging stages of your financial journey. You’re still fully engaged in your career, but you’re also looking ahead to a not-distant future when your life and your source of income will radically change.

Retirement means you’ll be making choices about where you want to live, what your retired life will look like, if it will include work, travel, charity, a hobby – all the things you always wished you had time for will now be yours to choose from.

But you’re also going to need to ensure you have enough saved to fund the retirement you want, and that the income stream you’ll be able to generate from all your sources of income in retirement is tax-efficient.

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Planning for 2022: The IRS Has Increased Several Key Deductions and Exemptions

The spike in inflation we’ve seen this year has impacts beyond having to pay more for goods and services. The IRS uses consumer price inflation (CPI) to determine certain increases to exemptions and deductions for federal tax purposes. These are automatic and calculated from the rise in CPI. That means that the increased inflation this year may actually end up saving you money. While the changes are for 2022 and you won’t be paying the associated taxes until 2023, it’s a good idea to be aware of the new limits.

You may be able to make changes as you go that can help you maximize the benefit. For example, the amounts for Flexible Spending Accounts (FSAs) and the commuter benefit increased, so you may want to have more taken out of your paycheck. This saves you money by paying with pre-tax dollars.

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The Federal Reserve vs. Inflation: Round One

Wednesday’s long-anticipated announcement by the Federal Reserve that the key Fed funds rate would increase by 25 basis points and the accompanying statement by Chairman Powell had the immediate impact of reassuring the markets. St. Patrick’s Day may not have brought pots of gold, but after thirteen no-good, very bad weeks for the S&P 500, we’ll take a push back into positive territory.

Will it last? Given the invasion of Ukraine, the impact of sanctions, the downstream effect on supply chains and food supply, and the geopolitical uncertainty unleashed by Russia’s aggression, the Fed’s job in fighting domestic inflation is much harder now.

We walk through the Fed’s move and Powell’s language, the impact of the rate increase, and what investors can do to prepare their portfolios and budgets.

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GMB Ep #121: How & Why Your Index Funds No Longer Hold Russian Stocks

 

Russia’s recent invasion of Ukraine and the economic sanctions that were imposed sent shockwaves through the global financial markets. As a result, the Russian Ruble plummeted to a record low, Russian stock markets were shattered, and Russian equities were removed from emerging markets indices. This week on Grow Money Business, Grant discusses how this situation affects the investment accounts and portfolios of U.S. investors and the ramifications of these phenomena.

 

 

Show Notes

[04:04] Index Funds – Grant dives deep into index funds, explaining market capitalization, the roles of index providers and fund managers, and depository receipts.

[12:54] Russia’s Present Condition – Russia has been obliterated from the list of index providers. As a result, Russian equities are no longer on the list. Grant provides his perspective on the background of what’s going on regarding index funds and Russian exposure.

[16:00] Inflationary Problems – Grant highlights Russia’s inflationary difficulties, emphasizing the importance of currency.

[23:36] Remedies – Grant outlines two alternatives available to a country if the value of its currency falls through the floor .

[28:15] Greece – While noting that Russia is a growing market, Grant discusses the events Greece experienced a few years ago.

 

Resources

Retirement is About Income … and Taxes

You’ve figured out your budget, your retirement nest egg is substantial, and you’re ready to make the transition to living on income from savings instead of income from work. But have you thought through the tax implications? It’s very common for tax planning to be overlooked, under the assumption that you’ll be in a lower tax bracket and Social Security payments aren’t fully taxed. In fact, a recent study found that 57% of Americans rarely consider the taxes they will pay/are paying in retirement.1 This can be an expensive mistake, and it has implications for other retirement benefits.

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A Note on the Invasion of Ukraine

The news about the invasion of Ukraine is distressing on a humanitarian level and unsettling when thinking about the impact of increased volatility on investment portfolios.

Added to already high inflation and the market’s uncertainty around the Federal Reserve’s future interest rate increases, markets are now reeling from the added pressure of what will likely be more aggressive sanctions.

Let’s break it down and look at some of the threads we’re tracking.

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GMB Ep #117: A Top Economist’s Take on Personal Finance With Dr. Laurence Kotlikoff

 

Economics applies to every industry at the individual, national, and global level. In this week’s episode, we have a distinguished guest who is on a mission to make economics useful at all levels. Dr. Laurence Kotlikoff is an economics professor at Boston University. He is also the author of Money Magic, a personal finance book written from an economist’s standpoint. Today’s podcast examines his book and financial outlook, which frequently counters conventional economic theories. Throughout the podcast, he shares his experience in handling personal financial decisions while also discussing some insightful observations about the state of our country.

 

 

Show Notes

[03:38] Introduction – Laurence introduces himself and discusses his current career emphasis.

[06:22] Personal Financial Decision Making – We must see individual financial decisions through the prism of consumption smoothing. Laurence explains what this is and why it is essential.

[12:42] IRA and Mortgage – Laurence outlines why under certain circumstances, it makes sense to withdraw funds from the IRA to pay off the mortgage.

[18:43] Investments – Laurence discusses investments, stocks, and the importance of making sound investment decisions. Furthermore, he evaluates the risk associated with each sort of investment.

[32:06] Social Security – Laurence discusses how individuals can navigate the complex social security web.

[34:10] Viability – Laurence discusses the Social Security system’s viability and what individuals may do to prop it up.

[42:54] Massive Deficits – Whether it is the aggregate federal deficit, unfunded liabilities, or Social Security, taxing one’s way out of some deficits is politically unappealing. Laurence discusses his approach to enormous deficits.

[48:28] Politics and Economics – Laurence discusses the causes of present crises, relating them to a lack of synergy between politics and economics.

[51:33] Campaign Trail – Laurence reflects on his 2016 presidential campaign experience, and shares what he would do differently in 2024 if he was running with an unlimited campaign budget.

 

Resources

Connect with Laurence:

Website: kotlikoff.net/

LinkedIn: linkedin.com/in/laurencekotlikoff/

 

Mentioned in the episode:

Maxifi: maxifiplanner.com/

Economic Security Planning: economicsecurityplanning.com/

Money Magic: An Economist’s Secrets to More Money, Less Risk, and a Better Life: goodreads.com/book/show/56620849-money-magic

GMB Ep #114: Behavioral Economics With Professor John Howe

 

When confronted with significant decisions, our thoughts frequently stand in the way of rational decision-making. Today’s episode of Grow Money Business features John Howe, a finance professor at the University of Missouri. He is an award-winning educator and researcher with expertise in investments, behavioral economics, household finance, corporate finance, and corporate governance. He is also the author of the book The Foolish Corner: Avoiding Mind Traps in Personal Financial Decisions. Throughout this episode, he shares his expertise and wisdom on behavioral economics, focusing specifically on the behavioral biases we all have regarding investing.

 

 

Show Notes

[03:36] Behavioral Economics – Prof. Howe discusses his background, career, and current activities.

[07:23] Kahneman’s Nobel Prize – Behavioral economics is a field of study that lies at the nexus of economics and psychology. Prof. Howe discusses how the Nobel laureate’s teaching of behavioral economics impacts his teachings.

[10:53] Diversified Portfolios – Prof. Howe highlights the importance of diversifying one’s investments.

[15:00] Confirmation Bias – Confirmation bias is a term that refers to our natural predisposition to be receptive to new information that confirms our existing beliefs. Prof. Howe explains how confirmation bias affects the decisions we make on a day to day basis.

[20:19] Transitions – Individuals frequently undergo transitions, such as selling a business they have built over the years or acquiring another. Prof. Howe shares his insights on what should be considered during such a transition.

[26:43] More on Biases – Prof. Howe explains the reason behind biases by presenting examples from evolutionary psychology.

[30:00] Reproducibility – One of the trademarks of the scientific method is the ability to replicate an experiment and obtain the same results. Prof. Howe broadly discusses the reproducibility issue in psychological research.

[40:49] Better Decisions – Prof. Howe explains how being well informed on biases can help us making better decisions in the future.

[49:31] The Future – Prof. Howe discusses the current research going in the field, as well as the future of behavioral economics.

[57:59] Research – Prof. Howe shares the current scientific issues that pique his interest.

[01:02:29] Mental Health – Prof. Howe shares his observations concerning the state of mental health in the United States and the way it affects people’s financial decisions.

[01:06:28] Gamblers – Prof. Howe outlines his view on gambling and how this relates to the human capacity for pattern recognition

[01:08:52] Books – Prof. Howe shares several books that are worth reading.

 

Resources

Connect with Professor John Howe:

LinkedIn: linkedin.com/in/john-howe-1013498/

Newsletter: johnhowe.substack.com/welcome

 

Mentioned in the episode: 

Your body language may shape who you are | Amy Cuddy:

youtube.com/watch?v=Ks-_Mh1QhMc

The Foolish Corner: Avoiding Mind Traps in Personal Financial Decisions:

amazon.com/Foolish-Corner-Avoiding-Financial-Decisions/dp/099851070X

Science Fictions: How Fraud, Bias, Negligence, and Hype Undermine the Search for Truth:

amazon.com/Science-Fictions-Negligence-Undermine-Search/dp/1250222699

Rationality: What It Is, Why It Seems Scarce, Why It Matters:

amazon.com/Rationality-What-Seems-Scarce-Matters/dp/0525561994

Misbehaving: The Making of Behavioral Economics:

amazon.com/Misbehaving-Behavioral-Economics-Richard-Thaler/dp/039335279X

Thinking, Fast and Slow:

amazon.com/Thinking-Fast-Slow-Daniel-Kahneman/dp/0374533555

The Psychology of Money: Timeless Lessons on Wealth, Greed, and Happiness:

amazon.com/Psychology-Money-Timeless-lessons-happiness/dp/0857197681

GMB Ep #112: Deferring Taxes Using 1031 Exchanges & Delaware Statutory Trusts with Jamie & Patrick Furlong

 

1031 Exchanges and Delaware statutory trusts are both nifty instruments for financial planning. In today’s episode, we explore more about the deferring taxes using 1031 Exchanges and Delaware statutory trusts with Jamie & Patrick Furlong. Jamie & Patrick specialize in 1031 Exchanges with DST’s and other securitized real estate investments. They exclusively serve clients seeking to acquire replacement properties in a 1031 exchange, navigate the complexities and time restrictions in the ever-changing 1031 environment through their company, Legacy Investment Real Estate.

 

 

Show Notes

[04:05] Story of Jamie & Patrick – Patrick shares their origin story, what they do, and how they do it.

[11:32] Delaware Statutory Trust – Jamie and Patrick explain Delaware statutory trust in detail, sharing compressive real-life examples.

[19:37] Importance of DST – Jamie talks about the significance of Delaware statutory trust and why someone should invest a property into a Delaware statutory trust in the first place.

[33:15] Holding Period – Non-traded real estate investment trusts can bring you a vast misfortune. Jamie discusses the holding time you should consider when contemplating real estate investment trusts.

[37:46] Role of the Manager – Patrick talks about the manager’s role in Delaware statutory trusts.

[46:49] 1031 Exchange Tax Code – Jamie and Patrick talk about the predictable changes in the 1031 Exchange tax code.

 

Information provided today is for educational purposes only, does not constitute as individual investment advice, and should not be relied upon as tax or legal advice.

Please consult the appropriate professional regarding your individual circumstance.

DST 1031 properties are only available to accredited investors (typically defined as having a $1 million net worth excluding primary residence or $200,000 income individually/$300,000 jointly of the last three years; or have an active Series 7, Series 82, or Series 65. Individuals holding a Series 66 do not fall under this definition) and accredited entities only. If you are unsure if you are an accredited investor and/or an accredited entity, please verify with your CPA and Attorney.

There are material risks associated with investing in DST properties and real estate securities including liquidity, tenant vacancies, general market conditions and competition, lack of operating history, interest rate risks, the risk of new supply coming to market and softening rental rates, general risks of owning/operating commercial and multifamily properties, short term leases associated with multi-family properties, financing risks, potential adverse tax consequences, general economic risks, development risks, long hold periods, and potential loss of the entire investment principal.

Securities offered through Concorde Investment Services, LLC (CIS), member FINRA/SIPC. Legacy Investment Real Estate is independent of CIS.

 

Resources

Connect with Jamie and Patrick:

Website: legacyire.com/

Jamie

LinkedIn: linkedin.com/in/jamie-furlong-927b9658/

Email: [email protected]

 Patrick

LinkedIn: linkedin.com/in/farmranch1031exchangennn/

Email: [email protected]

GMB Ep #107: Central Bank Digital Currency: Dangers & Possibilities With J Scott Christianson

 

Money has taken a lot of different forms over time, including gold & other metals in addition to fiat paper currencies. It’s arguable whether bitcoin and other decentralized currencies are the next version of money. What’s clear is that governments around the world are in an arms race to create their version of “centralized” digital currency. In today’s episode of Grow Money Business, J Scott Christianson joins us to describe central bank digital currencies, the arms race to create them, and potential uses and misuses in the future.

 

 

Show Notes

[02:44] Digital Currency – While digital currencies have become relatively recent mainstream phenomena, they have existed for decades. Scott discusses this new endeavor of developing digital currency.

[07:28] Adopting Digital Currency – Scott highlights the gravity of adopting digital currency in a country by assessing its dangers and possibilities.

[10:39] Transition – Scott outlines how moving from a conventional reserve system to digital money works logistically.

[13:37] China and Digital Currency – Scott broadly talks about China’s stance on digital currency from various angles.

[19:37] China and El Salvador – While China prohibits bitcoin transactions and mining, El Salvador accepts Bitcoin as legal tender. Scott shares his perspective on this schism.

[23:36] Role of USA – Scott discusses the options that the US may have in its arsenal to delay China’s deployment of programmable money.

[28:25] Banking System in the Future – Scott discusses the potential of more authoritarian counties attempting to implement controlled digital currencies, and his predictions for the global banking system in five years.

[35:23] Fiat Currency and Cryptocurrency – Scott shares his thoughts on that intersection between fiat currency and cryptocurrency.

[40:42] Artificial Intelligence – Scott briefly discusses artificial intelligence and his predictions for where it will go in the next five to ten years.

[48:48] Life with AI – Scott shares what applications he believes AI will enable in the following years.

 

Resources

Connect With Scott: 

Website: christiansonjs.com/

Newsletter: frtech.substack.com/

LinkedIn: linkedin.com/in/jscottchristianson/

Instagram: instagram.com/jscott_mo/

 

 

Mentioned in the Episode:  

China’s Second Continent: How a Million Migrants Are Building a New Empire in Africa:

goodreads.com/book/show/18373202-china-s-second-continent

Edge of Chaos: Why Democracy Is Failing to Deliver Economic Growth and How to Fix It:

goodreads.com/book/show/36204377-edge-of-chaos