GMB Ep #92: Money Funds & Where to Park Your Emergency Cash

 

You are probably already familiar with the concept of reserving an emergency fund for unexpected expenses.  You may even already have one in place.  However, deciding how much to reserve or where to keep this money can be tricky.  We dedicated this episode to exploring why you should maintain an emergency fund, how to determine how large yours should be, and a few different savings options that can be safe & accessible, while still giving you the greatest possible returns.

 

 

Show Notes

[02:09] Managing Emergency Cash – Why it’s crucial for everyone to set aside some emergency funds and the importance of keeping your cash in the right place.

[05:23] How Much to Save – Grant shares a method of estimating how much you should save as an emergency fund based on your income, expenses, and risk tolerance.

[08:31] Too Much in Cash – Why it’s a better idea to have your emergency savings as investments and the ideal investment method for your funds.

[12:17] CD Ladder & High Yield Savings – Grant explains how using multiple Certificates of Deposits and high yield savings accounts can help you make the most out of your emergency cash.

[16:36] Money Market Mutual Funds – How money market mutual funds work, how they’re different from money market savings accounts, and some of the recent reforms related to money market mutual funds.

[24:14] Types of Money Market Funds – How the reforms led to the creation of two types of money market funds, the differences between the two types, and what you should keep in mind about parking your emergency cash in a money market fund.

[28:24] Government Funds – The feasibility of putting your emergency cash in government funds and the benefits of utilizing multiple methods of investments.

 

Resources

Money-Market Funds Buckled in Two Crises in a Row. Regulators Look to Fix Them Again:
wsj.com/articles/money-market-funds-buckled-in-two-crises-in-a-row-regulators-look-to-fix-them-again-11626687001

Firms Wary as Money-Market Rule Changes Studied After Covid-19 Run:
wsj.com/articles/firms-wary-as-money-market-rule-changes-studied-after-covid-19-run-11630056602

GMB Ep #91: Why Mutual Fund Managers Are Converting to ETFs

 

One of the trends we’ve been recently observing is the tendency of mutual fund managers to convert their fund structure to Exchange-Traded Funds. Throughout this episode, Grant reviews the structures of mutual funds and ETFs, what makes them different from each other, the reasons why it makes sense for mutual fund managers to switch to ETFs, and what investors should keep in mind about mutual funds being converted to ETFs.

 

 

Show Notes

[01:43] Mutual Funds – Grant reviews how mutual funds are structured and how the mutual fund managers use funds from a group of investors to generate greater returns than what individual investors have the capacity to generate on their own.

[08:42] Limitations – Limitation of mutual funds and how these limitations may create unfavorable situations for mutual fund managers in some scenarios.

[13:50] Understanding ETFs – What led to the creation of Exchange-traded Funds, how they work, and the difference between mutual funds and ETFs.

[21:51] Benefits – Grant dives into the attractive characteristics and tax benefits of exchange-traded funds.

[25:00] Popularity of ETFs – Grant shares his thoughts on how ETFs became popular in the last decade and the trend of some mutual funds being converted to ETFs.

[30:00] Why Investors Should Care – How this trend of mutual fund managers converting their structure to ETFs affects the investors in terms of expenses, taxation, benefits, and what to do if their mutual funds are being converted.

 

Resources

Investor Bulletin: Mutual Fund Conversion to Exchange-Traded Fund (ETF):
investor.gov/introduction-investing/general-resources/news-alerts/alerts-bulletins/mutual-fund-conversion-exchange-traded-fund

Making the Switch: Turning a Mutual Fund into an Exchange-Traded Fund:
bbh.com/us/en/insights/investor-services-insights/making-the-switch-turning-a-mutual-fund-into-an-exchangetraded.html

GMB Ep #90: This is Exactly What to Do With Your Student Loans

 

With roughly 44 million borrowers that collectively owe nearly $1.7 trillion, student loans, the second-highest consumer debt category, has become something that’s pervasive for young people in the United States. We dedicated this episode to exploring some of the ways borrowers can make their student loan repayment manageable. Throughout the episode, Grant dives into how the interest rates and other characteristics vary depending on the lender, repayment options, income-based repayment, federal student loan forgiveness, and more. Stay tuned until the end of the episode, where Grant shares some strategies to reduce your monthly payments by suppressing your adjusted gross income.

 

 

Show Notes

[01:43] Background – The pervasive nature of the U.S. student loan programs and why they have become pervasive.

[05:10] Who Lent You the Money – Grant explains how the interest rates and repayment options may vary depending on the institution that is underwriting a student loan.

[07:38] Repayment & Refinancing – Once students have graduated and their forbearance period has finished, it’s time to paying back the student loans. Grant explores some of the options available for students at this point and how to decide whether to refinance with a private lender.

[10:19] Staying in the Federal System – Although it might make sense in some cases to refinance with a private lender, staying in the federal system has its own benefits. We talk about what these benefits are and how students can take advantage of staying in the federal system.

[13:07] Income-based Repayment – How the income-based repayment programs work, requirements for eligibility, and how they help people make their monthly payments manageable.

[18:13] Forgiveness – One of the features in income based-repayment is being able to get your debt forgiven after a certain number of years. Grant dives deep into how debt forgiveness works, how taxation comes into play at the point when the debt is forgiven, and what to consider when deciding whether to pursue forgiveness.

[22:32] Administrative Forbearance – As a part of the stimulus package introduced under the CARES Act, an additional forbearance period was introduced for student loans. Grant shares his thoughts on how to take this into consideration when making decisions about student loan repayment.

[27:15] Strategy for the Federal System – Grant shares some strategies for those who are in the federal system to make loan payments manageable by suppressing their adjusted gross income.

 

Resources

Episode #34: Why College Is So Expensive & How to Pay For It With Robert Farrington:

https://podcasts.google.com/feed/aHR0cHM6Ly9ncm93bW9

GMB Ep #82: Debunking Investing Myths #2: It’s Dangerous to Invest At All Time Highs

A few weeks ago we started a series of podcast episodes dedicated to debunking popular misconceptions around investing. In today’s episode, we’re continuing that discussion by covering another investment myth: that it’s too dangerous to invest new money at market highs.  Buying low and selling is an obvious objective for any investor, but avoiding the markets simply because they’re breaking new highs is a common mistake for many.  Throughout the episode, Grant dives into why this concept is a myth and data from a few studies conducted by reputed organizations that show the potential dangers of the delay in waiting till the markets fall. 

 

 

Show Notes

[04:56] Historical Data – We often use historical data to assist our investment decisions. While it is a good starting place, it comes with a lot of shortcomings. Grant reviews why we need to look beyond historical data to make savvy investment decisions.  

[06:33] Study on S&P 500 Returns – Grant dives deep into a study that analyses the returns of the S&P 500 companies right before the dot com bubble crashed and after the market crash. 

[11:13] Investing on Random Days vs. All-time Highs  –  Last year, the investment firm JP Morgan conducted a study to compare the returns of investing on any random day versus selectively investing only on the days when the markets reach certain points. Grant dives into the findings of this study and how they relate to the misconception. 

[16:20] Risks – The risks associated with investing in financial markets and some of the methods we can use to mitigate the risks and the limitations.  

[18:31] Looking at a Wider Dataset – Grant reviews a chart from Dimensional Fund Advisors, which uses a wider data set, a total market index, and a longer time period than the previous studies. He shares his thought on why this chart contradicts the other two studies and what investors can learn from it. 

[21:23] Dividends and Distributions – How dividends and distributions can reduce the impact of a market crash and significantly increase your returns if the markets do not crash.  

[24:37] Dollar Cost Averaging – How dollar-cost averaging helps us reduce risks associated with investments.  

 

Resources

Is it too late to get invested?
jpmorgan.com/wealth-management/wealth-partners/insights/top-market-takeaways-is-it-worth-considering-investing-at-all-time-highs 

The beauty of doing nothing:
jpmorgan.com/wealth-management/wealth-partners/insights/the-beauty-of-doing-nothing 

Episode 69: Interest Rates Are Rising....Does That Mean You Should Adjust Your Bond Allocation?

Episode #64: Where to Invest an Extra $50,000 Right Now

 
With the stock markets going straight up, equities being more expensive, and bonds offering extremely low interest rates, many people seem to be wondering what’s the best way to invest extra cash they have. In today’s episode, Grant dives into some of the best investments you can make at this point, the current status of the market, and whether it’s a good idea to invest in certain asset classes. Stay tuned until the end of the episode, where Grant talks about whether buying Bitcoin is a good idea right now.Continue reading