If you’ve been following the California legislative process at all, or if you own a business that employs people in California, you may have heard of the CalSavers Retirement Savings Program. In 2016, Governor Jerry Brown signed Bill 1234, requiring development of a workplace retirement savings program for private sector workers without access to one. The resulting program is known as CalSavers.
Basically, the program forces employers with more than 5 employees to defer a portion of their employees’ paychecks into a state run Roth IRA. These contributions are invested in default target date retirement funds, unless the employee directs their investments otherwise. Employees may also opt out entirely, if they choose.
The benefit of such a program is easy access to a retirement savings account. Employees could contribute to one on their own, of course, but that would require opening an account at a brokerage firm & making investment decisions. CalSavers greases the wheels by providing a “done for you” program that employees are defaulted into.
The positive spin here is that the program will certainly result in more retirement savings for many thousands of employees. The negative side of the story comes from the business community. Businesses without retirement plans will be forced to take the time to open a plan, enroll their employees, and deposit their contributions.
CalSavers isn’t at all unprecedented. At this point 21 states have enacted similar legislation. The law is taking a good amount of “heat” though. Several industry groups are suing the state treasurer in an attempt to derail the rule. Some plaintiffs don’t care for the state government telling them what to do, while others in the financial industry probably see the program as a competitive threat.
Whatever your take on the matter, businesses will be required to comply beginning in June of 2020 as the law stands today. This post will provide a quick overview of the program, including its benefits and shortcomings.